Sunday, 23 June 2013

Basic Rules of the Road , Do's and Don'ts while Driving , Traffic Violations and Fines

Posted by Siva Kumar Ari
Basic Rules of the Road 

  1. Keep left allowing the vehicles from the opposite direction to pass.
  2. Give way to all traffic on your right, especially at road junctions and roundabouts.
  3. While turning left or right, give way to vehicles going straight.
  4. While turning left, keep to the left side of the road and turn close to the left side of the road to which you enter.
  5. Slow down at road junctions, intersections and pedestrian crossings. You must also slow down near school zones, temple areas etc., where a lot of pedestrians and vehicle traffic move. Signal before you make any manoeuvre indicating your intention so that the other road users can adjust accordingly.
  6. Always use a helmet if you are driving a two-wheeler and always see that when you use the helmet, the strap is fixed properly.
  7. Stick to the speed limit and remember that speed limit is related to the traffic condition.
  8. Remember that the stopping distance of your vehicle depends on the speed at which you are driving.
  9. If you are driving at 40 Kms. per hour, the braking distance would be 22 mts. But if you are driving at 60 Kms. per hour, the braking distance will be 42 mts.
  10. Keep adequate distance from the vehicle ahead to avoid collision.
  11. Yellow lines should not be crossed, even while over-taking.
  12. At road junctions or intersections, do not park the vehicle beyond the stop line.
  13. Remember that at pedestrian crossings, the pedestrian has the right of way.
  14. At the signal, do not stop your vehicle on the Pedestrian Crossing but stop it within the stop line.
  15. Two wheelers are meant only for two. Do not carry children additionally.
  16. Do not start on the amber light. Wait for the green.
  17. Overtake only on the right side and do not overtake on bridges, narrow roads, junctions, school zones and pedestrian crossings. Do not overtake when one vehicle is already overtaking the vehicle which you want to overtake.
  18. Never drive in a zig-zag manner

You can observe all the above only if you are patient, considerate and careful.


In the world of communications, signs form a vital part. Traffic signs are an integral part of the system of safeguard for the safety of road users.

Traffic signs may be classified into three categories:-

Mandatory signs
They are also known as regulatory signs.
All mandatory signs are indicated in a circular form and they have to be followed compulsorily.

Cautionary signs
These are meant for your safety. These are given in triangular form.

Information signs
These signs are those which provide information to help you. They are in Blue Color in square shape.


Violation of these traffic signs, which denote a specific traffic regulation is a legal offence under Section 119 of Motor Vehicle Act.
Speed limit, stop and give way signs are the most important of these signs. The other major signs relate to prohibiting entry or turn and permitting entry or turn only in one direction. No parking signs and signs relating to No stopping or standing and No 'U' turn, No entry etc. should be observed scrupulously and violation of these signs would affect the road users by creating jam and accidents.


Signs denoting Pedestrian crossing, School zones and Intersections are the most important among the cautionary signs.
As already pointed out in the pedestrian crossing, the pedestrian has the right of way and you should not proceed when the pedestrian is crossing nor should you stop the vehicle on the pedestrian crossing hindering his movement.
In school zones, you have to drive very cautiously and reduce the speed since any time a boy or girl can run or dart across.

Always wear your seat belt.

Follow the speed limits  mentioned on the signboards on the roadside .

Give pedestrians the right-of-way in crosswalks.

Make room for other vehicles(bicycle, motor cycles, cars etc.).

Must keep a first aid box in your car.

Make routine maintenance of your car. Breakdowns can be dangerous and costly.

Plan your route out in advance for long car trips and keep a map or atlas in the car in case you get lost.


DON'T drink and drive, and don't get in a car with a driver who has been drinking or using drugs.

DON'T play your car stereo so loudly that you are disruptive to others, or so loudly that you are unable to hear train signals or emergency vehicle sirens.

DON'T talk on your cell phone and drive at the same time. If you need to make or answer a telephone call while you are driving, pull over at a safe place and use the phone.

DON'T engage in other activities, while driving, that distract your attention or reduce your reaction time. Eating, changing clothes, or putting on makeup while driving is dangerous.

DON'T leave valuables in your car, especially in places where they can't be seen, no matter where you are parked.


For any violation of Motor Vehicle Act fine upto Rs.100/- can be imposed and if the offence is repeated fine can even extend upto Rs.300/-.
Violation of speed limit can punished by even upto Rs.300/- and for repeated offences even upto Rs.500/-
Disobedience of any traffic signs or directions is also punishable with fine upto Rs. 500/-

Very serious offences like dangerous driving, driving without licence, causing grievious injury, are all punishable, even with imprisonment.
Causing fatal accidents due to rash, negligent driving can result in imprisonment for two yeaRs or fine or both. It is almost treated as a murder without motive.
If by rash and negligent driving, grievous injury is caused to anyone, it is also punishable by two years imprisonment or Rs.1000/- as fine, or both. If the injury is simple, the imprisonment period will be upto 6 months. It is also liable for fine upto Rs.500/- and both imprisonment and fine can also be awarded.
Even if anyone is endangered by rash and negligent driving it is punishable by 6 months imprisonment or a fine of Rs.100/- or both.
Driving without licence is not only risky but also liable for punishment with 3 months imprisonment or a fine of Rs.500/- or both.
Drinking is harmful to health and drunken driving is harmful to others also. Hence drunken driving is punishable with imprisonment for 6 months, if it is a first offence or punishable with fine upto Rs.2000/- or even both can be awarded. If the offence is repeated it is punishable with imprisonment which can extend event upto 2 years or a fine of Rs.3000/- or even both.


For every Motor vehicle speed limit is prescribed in the M.V. Act to ensure safety for the driver and other road users.
(Section 112 of M.V. Act 1988)
The prescribed limit is 40 Kms. Your vehicle may be capable of going at even the double the speed than this and your enthusiasm or sometimes even some urgent matter may make you drive at full capacity of the vehicle or at speed far exceeding the limit.
But please remember that not only violating the law is punishable but also can and does often result in accident.
"Speed thrills but also kills" is not just a slogan, it is the bitter truth.
Many accidents are caused by overspeeding.
Please don't be a part of it for your sake, for your family's sake for other's sake and also for the sake of not having to pay fine upto Rs.400/- or Rs.1000/- (if it is a repetitive offence).
Even if you make your employee exceed the speed limit you will be punishable with a fine of Rs.300/- and Rs.500/- if it is a respective offence.
(Section 183 of M.V. Act, 1988)


You must not take part in a race or speed contest of any kind with motor vehicles in any public place without the written consent of the State Government. If you do so violating the rules you will be liable for punishment of imprisonment upto a month or a fine upto Rs.500/- or both.
(Section 189 of M.V. Act).


Speed has relationship to the Nature, Condition and use of the place. If you drive at a higher speed or even at a speed within the prescribed speed limit but in a manner which is dangerous to other road users without considering the nature, condition and use of the place and traffic, it can result in major accidents. Therefore, M.V. Act has prescribed the major punishment of imprisonment upto 6 months of fine upto Rs.1000/-.
(Section 184 of M.V. Act 1988)
If the offence is repeated within 3 years naturally the law views it seriously and has prescribed the punishment of imprisonment upto 2 years or fine expending upto Rs.2,000/- or even both depending on the gravity of the offence.


Drink and driving does not mix well. Driving by a drunken person or driving under the influence of drug is punishable.
Sec. 185 of M.V. Act.
At the time of driving there should be no alcohol in the blood even in the smallest quantity. Similarly, if you are under the influence of a drug to an extent that makes you incapable of exercising proper control of the vehicle and drive the vehicle, you are liable to be punished with imprisonment upto 6 months of fine extending upto Rs.2,000/- or both.
If the offence is repeated the punishment is higher being imprisonment that can be extended even upto 2 years of fine or Rs. 3,000/- or both.


It is unlawful to abandon or leave any vehicle or trailer in any public place in such a manner of position that can cause danger, obstruction or undue inconvenience to other users of public place.
(Section 122 of M.V. Act)


Your duty is to ensure not only safety for you but also safety to other road users. If by any reason you cause an accident and a person is injured or property of any person is damaged, you as a vehicle driver or person in charge of the vehicle are duty bound to take all reasonable and responsible steps to provide medical care for the injured person and where necessary take the injured person to the nearest hospital unless the injured person or his guardian in case he is a minor desires not to go to the hospital.
However if on account of mob fury or any other reason beyond your control it is not practicable to give medical attention to the injured person or take him to the hospital then it will be excusable under law.
You are also duty bound to report to Police the nature of accident, the circumstances of its occurrence to the nearest police office or police station. In case of not providing medical care to the injured the circumstance under which it was not done should be also reported to the nearest police station or police officer.


If you leave your vehicle unattended in a public place or abandon it, it is liable for removal by the police.
If any motor vehicle is left unattended in any public place for 10 hours or even if it is in a permitted parking place it can be towed away under the instruction of the police officer.
If the vehicle is left unattended or abandoned or partially dismantled and is creating a traffic hazard because of its location in the highway or causing impediment to the traffic it can be immediately removed by towing under the instruction of the Police officer. In all such cases you as the owner of the vehicle will be responsible for all the towing costs as well as any other penalty.


BEWARE ! Under the provisions of Motor Vehicle Act, you can be disqualified from holding a driving licence or licence can be revoked if you come under any of the following categories:-

If your conduct as driver of motor vehicle has shown that your driving is dangerous to the public.
If you are a person under the age of 18 years.
If you are a habitual drunkard or addict to any narcotic drugs.
If you obtained driving licence by fraud or misrepresentation or by illegal method.
If you have used the vehicle in the commission of cognizable offence.


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